Brief Timeline of Printing 1970-2011

This is a continuation of the Brief Timeline that began on January 26, 2018, that continued on February 2, 2018, and this is the last blog on the timeline of printing.

1970: Water-based ink introduced.

1972: Thermal printing developed.

1977: The Compugraphic EditWriter 7500 phototypesetter introduced.

1981: Microsoft Disk Operating System introduced.

1982: Adobe Systems Inc. founded.

1983: Desktop publishing appears.

1984: Apple Macintosh personal computer introduced.

1984: 3D printing developed.

1985: Microsoft Windows introduced.

1985: PostScript typesetting language introduced.

1985: Apple LaserWriter desktop printer introduced.

1985: PageMaker desktop publishing introduced.

1987: Soy-based ink appears.

1987: QuarkXPress desktop publishing program introduced.

1988: Adobe Photoshop raster graphics editor introduced.

1990: Xerox DocuTech. Production-publishing system that allowed paper documents to be scanned, electronically edited, and then printed on demand.

1991: TrueType scalable computer introduced.

1991: Heidelberg and Presstek introduced GTO-DI, the first plate making on the press.

1993: Indigo digital color printer introduced.

1993: Portable Document Format (PDF) introduced.

1996: OpenType scalable computer fonts introduced.

1999: InDesign desktop publishing program introduced.

2011: The Saint John’s Bible is the first completely handwritten and illustrated Bible since the invention of the printing press.


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Ancient Wisdom

Yesterday was my birthday.  I don’t feel old.  I have Ancient Wisdom!

Our son turned 39 last month if that gives you any indication of how old I am.

I work with college students.  They are 18, 19, 20, 21 and 22-year-olds.  They are young.  They walk around with things called earbuds in their ears.

I have to wonder if they are aware of their surroundings, if they are damaging their hearing, and if they are listening to anything worthwhile.  Well, the listening part might make them happy, smile, or laugh.  Hopefully, they aren’t listening to anything that will make them angry.

While they wear earbuds, I wear a hearing aid.  While they dye their hair various colors, I watch my turn grayer by each passing day.


They are full of youthful energy and dreams.

But, alas!  I am full of WISDOM!

Those young folks have nothing on me.  Even though I feel ancient compared to them, I have “been there, done that.”  I have traveled the world and lived in a foreign country.  I have seen more births and death than they can ever imagine.

I wonder if any of them have ever read the classics or would they know anything about J. D. Salinger, F. Scott Fitzgerald, William Faulkner, James Joyce, or Jack London.

Then again, they may wonder if I know anything about Game of Thrones, Star Wars, Here and Now, or Silicon Valley.

I do have to admit that some of the things the young folks watch on television, Netflix, etc., is not my cup of tea.

But no matter.  I know how to fill out a loan application, file my taxes, fill out a census form, buy a vehicle, renew my drivers license, apply for a passport, request copies of birth, marriage, divorce, and death records.

I know how to do laundry, cook, and sew on a button.  Yes, these are things that college students have asked me over the years to teach them because they didn’t want their mothers knowing they couldn’t do it.

And, I know how to read cursive hand writing.  Yes, I have had to teach college students how to read cursive hand writing so they could do their job.

I could ramble on, but for now, I will stop this blog post and say…I am truly happy to be considered by some as the little old woman (who is going gray) who is ANCIENT.



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Brief Timeline of Printing 1816-1969

The timeline of printing continues from Friday, January 26, 2018, post.

1816: Sans-serif type introduced.

1819: Rotary printing press invented.

1829: Embossed printing invented by Louis Braille.

1837: Chromolithography (multicolor printing).

1841: Type-composing machine invented.

1844: Electrotyping invented.

1846: Cylinder press invented.

1863: Rotary web-fed letterpress invented.

1865: Web offset press can print on both sides of the paper at once.

1886: Linotype composing machine invented.

1870: Paper is now mass-manufactured from wood pulp.

1878: Photogravure printing invented.

1890: Mimeograph machine introduced.

1892: 4-color rotary press invented.

1904: Offset lithography becomes common.

1906: CMYK four-color wet process inks developed.

1907: Commercial silk screening invented.

1927: Futura typeface introduced.

1929: Graphics Arts Monthly magazine founded.

1932: Times New Roman typeface debuted by The Times newspaper in London.

1933: Synthetic rubber printing rollers appear.

1938: Xerography (photocopying) developed.

1949: Phototypesetting developed.

1951: Inkjet printing developed.

1957: Helvetica typeface introduced.

1959: Photopolymer relief plates introduced.

1963: Pantone Color Matching System introduced.

1969: Laser printed invented.


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Brief Timeline of Printing from 618-1800

Today when we want to print something, we usually create a document on our laptop computer, save it, and send it to the printer, and out spits a sheet of paper with the words we typed on the document.

It wasn’t always that way.

Here is a brief timeline of printing:

618 to 906: T’ang Dynasty-the first printing done in China using ink on carved wooden blocks begins to make multiple transfers of an image to paper.

1241: Koreans print books using movable type.

1300: The first use of wooden movable type in China.

1309: Europeans first make paper.  However, the Chinese and Egyptians had started making paper centuries previous.

1338: First papermill opened in France.

1377: Common screw press used to print text cut from single blocks of wood.

1390: First papermill opened in Germany.

1392: Foundries that can produce bronze type are opened in Korea.

1423: In Europe, block printing is used to print books.

1452: In Europe, metal plates are first used in printing.

1452: Gutenberg begins printing the Bible which he finishes in 1456.

1457: First color printing by Fust and Schoeffer.

1465: Drypoint engravings invented by Germans.

1476: William Caxton begins using a Gutenberg printing press in England

1477: Intaglio is first used for book illustration.

1495; First papermill opened in England.

1501: Italic type first used.

1530: Claude Garamond designs a Roman typeface in Paris.

1611: King James Bible published.

1660: Mezzotint invented in Germany.

1691: First papermill opened in the American colonies.

1702: Multi-colored engraving invented.

1725: In Scotland stereotyping invented by William Ged.

1800: Iron printing presses invented.

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Chaos – Can’t Have Anyone Over Syndrome

Is your life in chaos where you can’t have anyone over to your house?
There are times when I look around my home and see clutter.  At times I get motivated and clean like a mad woman.  Other times I feel overwhelmed and close my eyes to the clutter, especially, if I am carving out time to write.
Thank the powers that be for Marla!  She teaches folks how to FLY (Finally Loving Yourself).
In her daily email titled “Morning Musing: It’s My Birthday,”  Marla lists 62 lessons she has learned during her life. While the lessons are in no particular order, the first one listed is “It is OK to be sidetracked because sometimes the path you take brings you out into the most wonderful places.”  And the last one listed is, “Patience doesn’t cost a dime but the benefits are worth more than gold!”
If you want to get out from under clutter, whether it be in your home or your life, Marla, the FlyLady, can help you do that.
Yes, she has helped me with my home, my 40 hour work week office, and my spare time for hobbies, etc.



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Happy New Year

I did not make any New Years resolutions this year.  The reason is that in the past I have not always followed through with the resolutions.  So, this year I will not beat myself up when I fail to do something I pledged to do at the first of the year.

If you follow your Horoscope, note the Chinese New Year is in the Year of the Dog.  This is my sign.  Learn your sign.



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An unexpected surprise

Has someone ever said to you, “I have bad news and I have good news?”

When this happens to me, I always say “give me the bad news first so I can end on the good news.”

This happened to me on Tuesday, November 7.

I was standing in the kitchen cooking supper when my husband came in and said, “I have some bad news and I have some good news.”

As usual, I said, “Give me the bad news first.”

“The bad news is we have puppies,” he said.

I promptly dropped the dish I was holding.

“What’s the good news,” I asked.

He answered, “We have puppies.”

How did that happen?

We adopted our dog six years ago and were told she was spayed.

This poor dog had been through enough.  She had been rescued from a puppy mill and she wasn’t even a pure breed dog.

Chloe had three (3) puppies.  Hubby had found one dead in the kennel, one puppy doing great, and a third puppy was struggling.

Now, Chloe likes being outside instead of being inside.  We tried over the years to keep her inside, but she wouldn’t have it.

We live on a farm and she is only loose when we are home.  And then, she is with us most of the time.  Otherwise, she has her own extremely large dog run and kennel area with plenty of shade, etc.

Because it is cold this time of year, we moved the truck out of the garage and moved Chloe and the two puppies inside.

At about 9:30 p.m., Chloe kicked the struggling pup out of the kennel.  Guess she knew something we humans didn’t know.

I took the puppy inside.  It was much smaller than the other pup. It really looked more the size of a newborn kitten than a newborn puppy.

All I had to feed the little thing was kitten formula.  Did I say, I was a cat person.

I sat with the puppy throughout the night, feeding it with an eyedropper.

About 5 a.m. on November 8, hubby came into the room where I had the puppy and told me to go get some rest and he would take over.

He got on the internet and found an article that said to keep the puppy with the momma.  Chloe wasn’t having it.  She continued to kick the little thing out of the kennel.

Needless to say, the puppy died about 10:30 a.m.

The puppy that was doing great is still going great.  It is now four (4) weeks old.  Its eyes are open and it scares itself when a loud bark comes out its mouth.

Here is our unexpected surprise. Two days old.


Age 3 weeks old.


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That Mouse Can Fly

That Mouse Can Fly
Author: Kim Holley
Publisher: Rowe Publishing
Publication Date: 30 June 2017 (ages 5 and up)
Genre: Children’s Illustrated/Imagination
Price: Paperback: $14.00
Available at:
About the Book: 
An adventurous and imaginative little boy spends the summer on his Grandparents’ farm. During a treasure hunting expedition, his mind takes over when his boots get stuck in the mud and he sees something fly past him that looks just like a beady-eyed furry little mouse. He begins to wonder, if it really was a mouse, and just where he has traveled?

Author Bio:
Kim Holley is the author of these additional children’s books: Rollie Pollie ReviewA Fish WishI Love Gloves, andMurphie and the Meerkat. Kim was born in Kansas City, Missouri, and currently lives in rural southeast Kansas. She has been writing personalized poetry for her family and friends for over 30 years. Kim began writing children’s short stories based on her grandchildren’s adventures as well as stories she’s developed on her own. 
connect with the publisher:

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Holiday Book Gift Guide

A while back I put out a call to authors to be included in a Holiday Book Gift Guide that I was creating.

WOW! What a turn out.

I really did not expect too many to participate, but am so happy they did.

You can view the Holiday Book Gift Guide here:

Be sure to take some time to visit all the authors who participated.  Some have special sales going on until December 31.  Others are offering free chapter samples and others, if you sign up for their newsletter, will give a free copy of one of their books.

I ask everyone who is reading this post to please share on your social media sites.

Note-authors were NOT charged a fee to participate in the gift guide.  This was FREE for all who participated.  And if everyone promotes this guide, the cross-promotion has a huge wide potential.


Filed under Authors, Biography, Books, Children's Books, Coming of Age, Crime Fiction, Dark Fantasy Romance, e-books, Fantasy, Fiction, Genre, Historical Fiction, Historical Romance, Holidays, Inspirational, Memoir, Mystery, Paranormal, Paranormal Fantasy Romance, Paranormal Romance, poetry, Romance, science fiction, Suspense, Thriller

Housing Your Pet During the Holidays

Source: Dr. Susan Nelson, 785-532-5690,


The holiday season can be a stressful time of year – even for your pet.

When you leave home for the holidays, it’s important to choose the best housing option to ensure your pet’s well-being, a Kansas State University veterinarian said.

“It can be very stressful for some pets to be away from their owners,” said Dr. Susan Nelson, assistant professor of clinical sciences at K-State. “This stress also may be intensified if the time away is spent in unfamiliar surroundings, so try to prepare in advance in order to make your pet’s holiday time as stress-free as possible.”

Nelson said the primary options for pet care are a kennel or a pet sitter. Kennels are a good option for sociable animals that don’t stress about leaving the house, and pet sitters are a good option for animals that are more at ease at home, especially cats. She said it’s important to consider your pet’s behavior before hiring a sitter.

“It’s best to know whether your pet will be OK staying at home by itself and if it would let a stranger into the home while it’s alone,” Nelson said.

Some territorial and aggressive dogs don’t respond well to a stranger in the home and won’t allow someone unfamiliar to enter. Additionally, Nelson said dogs with extreme separation anxiety are best not left at home alone but instead taken to a kennel if there are no other options.

“These are the dogs that when left alone bark all day or have accidents in the house,” she said. “They may exhibit destructive behavior and even injure themselves. Some pet sitters will watch your pet in their home so this may be a more suitable option for certain pets.”

To help pets adjust to temporary holiday housing, owners should help prepare their pet beforehand. If hiring a pet sitter, owners should schedule a greeting time when the sitter can meet and play with the pet.

“When the sitter comes to meet your pet, don’t be in the house so that you’ll find out how your pet will react to a

stranger without you there,” Nelson said.

If your pet isn’t used to you being gone, you should leave the pet alone at home for short periods of time to prepare for a longer absence. Nelson said owners shouldn’t emphasize leaving and greeting their pet when they return because this can reinforce its anxiety.

For pets going to the kennel, Nelson said owners can help their pet adjust to living in a smaller space by purchasing a crate for the home.

“You can get your pet used to the crate by having it stay in the crate a couple minutes at a time at the beginning and then slowly increasing that time,” she said. “It’s also helpful to feed pets when they’re in the crate so they get used to confinement during a low-stress time.”

To help ease your pet’s anxiety at the kennel, you can arrange play dates so your pet becomes used to being around other animals, Nelson said. Owners also can bring the animal’s favorite toy or something that smells like home, such as a T-shirt, to the kennel.

When choosing a pet sitter, Nelson suggests finding a family member, a friend or a professional. If hiring a professional pet sitter, pet owners should ask about the sitter’s training and experience, check for proof of insurance and ask for references. She also suggests that owners have professional sitters provide a written contract of their fees and services and ask what extra services they offer, like playing with the pet. If your pet has special needs or takes medication, make sure your pet sitter will be comfortable performing those tasks.

For kennels, Nelson said it’s important to reserve a spot early in the holiday season. When choosing a kennel, owners can visit the facility and see how it looks and smells. They also can see what kind of safety and security the kennel has, such as video surveillance, fire alarms, and sprinkler systems. She said owners should ask how often the animals will be let out of their cages and if extra services are offered, like more playtime. Nelson said it’s required by most kennels that your pet be updated on its vaccines and that you provide proof. Make sure you find out ahead of time which vaccines are required.

Whether you’re leaving your pet in the care of a sitter or a kennel, Nelson said owners should provide detailed instructions for the pet’s food and medications. They also should give the name of their pet’s veterinarian and what to do if the pet becomes ill. Nelson recommends owners write and sign a document that allows the caretaker to bring their pet in for care. She also said the owner should talk about how finances will be handled because most veterinarians will require payment at the time of service.

“With any animal, especially if it’s old or sick, the owner ought to talk about what to do in a worst-case scenario, such as if something catastrophic happens to the pet or if it dies,” she said. “Owners need to discuss these things we typically don’t like to think about but for which we should prepare.”

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