Category Archives: Writing

Brief Timeline of Printing 1970-2011

This is a continuation of the Brief Timeline that began on January 26, 2018, that continued on February 2, 2018, and this is the last blog on the timeline of printing.

1970: Water-based ink introduced.

1972: Thermal printing developed.

1977: The Compugraphic EditWriter 7500 phototypesetter introduced.

1981: Microsoft Disk Operating System introduced.

1982: Adobe Systems Inc. founded.

1983: Desktop publishing appears.

1984: Apple Macintosh personal computer introduced.

1984: 3D printing developed.

1985: Microsoft Windows introduced.

1985: PostScript typesetting language introduced.

1985: Apple LaserWriter desktop printer introduced.

1985: PageMaker desktop publishing introduced.

1987: Soy-based ink appears.

1987: QuarkXPress desktop publishing program introduced.

1988: Adobe Photoshop raster graphics editor introduced.

1990: Xerox DocuTech. Production-publishing system that allowed paper documents to be scanned, electronically edited, and then printed on demand.

1991: TrueType scalable computer introduced.

1991: Heidelberg and Presstek introduced GTO-DI, the first plate making on the press.

1993: Indigo digital color printer introduced.

1993: Portable Document Format (PDF) introduced.

1996: OpenType scalable computer fonts introduced.

1999: InDesign desktop publishing program introduced.

2011: The Saint John’s Bible is the first completely handwritten and illustrated Bible since the invention of the printing press.


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Ancient Wisdom

Yesterday was my birthday.  I don’t feel old.  I have Ancient Wisdom!

Our son turned 39 last month if that gives you any indication of how old I am.

I work with college students.  They are 18, 19, 20, 21 and 22-year-olds.  They are young.  They walk around with things called earbuds in their ears.

I have to wonder if they are aware of their surroundings, if they are damaging their hearing, and if they are listening to anything worthwhile.  Well, the listening part might make them happy, smile, or laugh.  Hopefully, they aren’t listening to anything that will make them angry.

While they wear earbuds, I wear a hearing aid.  While they dye their hair various colors, I watch my turn grayer by each passing day.


They are full of youthful energy and dreams.

But, alas!  I am full of WISDOM!

Those young folks have nothing on me.  Even though I feel ancient compared to them, I have “been there, done that.”  I have traveled the world and lived in a foreign country.  I have seen more births and death than they can ever imagine.

I wonder if any of them have ever read the classics or would they know anything about J. D. Salinger, F. Scott Fitzgerald, William Faulkner, James Joyce, or Jack London.

Then again, they may wonder if I know anything about Game of Thrones, Star Wars, Here and Now, or Silicon Valley.

I do have to admit that some of the things the young folks watch on television, Netflix, etc., is not my cup of tea.

But no matter.  I know how to fill out a loan application, file my taxes, fill out a census form, buy a vehicle, renew my drivers license, apply for a passport, request copies of birth, marriage, divorce, and death records.

I know how to do laundry, cook, and sew on a button.  Yes, these are things that college students have asked me over the years to teach them because they didn’t want their mothers knowing they couldn’t do it.

And, I know how to read cursive hand writing.  Yes, I have had to teach college students how to read cursive hand writing so they could do their job.

I could ramble on, but for now, I will stop this blog post and say…I am truly happy to be considered by some as the little old woman (who is going gray) who is ANCIENT.



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Brief Timeline of Printing 1816-1969

The timeline of printing continues from Friday, January 26, 2018, post.

1816: Sans-serif type introduced.

1819: Rotary printing press invented.

1829: Embossed printing invented by Louis Braille.

1837: Chromolithography (multicolor printing).

1841: Type-composing machine invented.

1844: Electrotyping invented.

1846: Cylinder press invented.

1863: Rotary web-fed letterpress invented.

1865: Web offset press can print on both sides of the paper at once.

1886: Linotype composing machine invented.

1870: Paper is now mass-manufactured from wood pulp.

1878: Photogravure printing invented.

1890: Mimeograph machine introduced.

1892: 4-color rotary press invented.

1904: Offset lithography becomes common.

1906: CMYK four-color wet process inks developed.

1907: Commercial silk screening invented.

1927: Futura typeface introduced.

1929: Graphics Arts Monthly magazine founded.

1932: Times New Roman typeface debuted by The Times newspaper in London.

1933: Synthetic rubber printing rollers appear.

1938: Xerography (photocopying) developed.

1949: Phototypesetting developed.

1951: Inkjet printing developed.

1957: Helvetica typeface introduced.

1959: Photopolymer relief plates introduced.

1963: Pantone Color Matching System introduced.

1969: Laser printed invented.


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Brief Timeline of Printing from 618-1800

Today when we want to print something, we usually create a document on our laptop computer, save it, and send it to the printer, and out spits a sheet of paper with the words we typed on the document.

It wasn’t always that way.

Here is a brief timeline of printing:

618 to 906: T’ang Dynasty-the first printing done in China using ink on carved wooden blocks begins to make multiple transfers of an image to paper.

1241: Koreans print books using movable type.

1300: The first use of wooden movable type in China.

1309: Europeans first make paper.  However, the Chinese and Egyptians had started making paper centuries previous.

1338: First papermill opened in France.

1377: Common screw press used to print text cut from single blocks of wood.

1390: First papermill opened in Germany.

1392: Foundries that can produce bronze type are opened in Korea.

1423: In Europe, block printing is used to print books.

1452: In Europe, metal plates are first used in printing.

1452: Gutenberg begins printing the Bible which he finishes in 1456.

1457: First color printing by Fust and Schoeffer.

1465: Drypoint engravings invented by Germans.

1476: William Caxton begins using a Gutenberg printing press in England

1477: Intaglio is first used for book illustration.

1495; First papermill opened in England.

1501: Italic type first used.

1530: Claude Garamond designs a Roman typeface in Paris.

1611: King James Bible published.

1660: Mezzotint invented in Germany.

1691: First papermill opened in the American colonies.

1702: Multi-colored engraving invented.

1725: In Scotland stereotyping invented by William Ged.

1800: Iron printing presses invented.

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Chaos – Can’t Have Anyone Over Syndrome

Is your life in chaos where you can’t have anyone over to your house?
There are times when I look around my home and see clutter.  At times I get motivated and clean like a mad woman.  Other times I feel overwhelmed and close my eyes to the clutter, especially, if I am carving out time to write.
Thank the powers that be for Marla!  She teaches folks how to FLY (Finally Loving Yourself).
In her daily email titled “Morning Musing: It’s My Birthday,”  Marla lists 62 lessons she has learned during her life. While the lessons are in no particular order, the first one listed is “It is OK to be sidetracked because sometimes the path you take brings you out into the most wonderful places.”  And the last one listed is, “Patience doesn’t cost a dime but the benefits are worth more than gold!”
If you want to get out from under clutter, whether it be in your home or your life, Marla, the FlyLady, can help you do that.
Yes, she has helped me with my home, my 40 hour work week office, and my spare time for hobbies, etc.



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Filed under Authors, Body, Inspirational, Self-Help, Spirit, Writing

An unexpected surprise

Has someone ever said to you, “I have bad news and I have good news?”

When this happens to me, I always say “give me the bad news first so I can end on the good news.”

This happened to me on Tuesday, November 7.

I was standing in the kitchen cooking supper when my husband came in and said, “I have some bad news and I have some good news.”

As usual, I said, “Give me the bad news first.”

“The bad news is we have puppies,” he said.

I promptly dropped the dish I was holding.

“What’s the good news,” I asked.

He answered, “We have puppies.”

How did that happen?

We adopted our dog six years ago and were told she was spayed.

This poor dog had been through enough.  She had been rescued from a puppy mill and she wasn’t even a pure breed dog.

Chloe had three (3) puppies.  Hubby had found one dead in the kennel, one puppy doing great, and a third puppy was struggling.

Now, Chloe likes being outside instead of being inside.  We tried over the years to keep her inside, but she wouldn’t have it.

We live on a farm and she is only loose when we are home.  And then, she is with us most of the time.  Otherwise, she has her own extremely large dog run and kennel area with plenty of shade, etc.

Because it is cold this time of year, we moved the truck out of the garage and moved Chloe and the two puppies inside.

At about 9:30 p.m., Chloe kicked the struggling pup out of the kennel.  Guess she knew something we humans didn’t know.

I took the puppy inside.  It was much smaller than the other pup. It really looked more the size of a newborn kitten than a newborn puppy.

All I had to feed the little thing was kitten formula.  Did I say, I was a cat person.

I sat with the puppy throughout the night, feeding it with an eyedropper.

About 5 a.m. on November 8, hubby came into the room where I had the puppy and told me to go get some rest and he would take over.

He got on the internet and found an article that said to keep the puppy with the momma.  Chloe wasn’t having it.  She continued to kick the little thing out of the kennel.

Needless to say, the puppy died about 10:30 a.m.

The puppy that was doing great is still going great.  It is now four (4) weeks old.  Its eyes are open and it scares itself when a loud bark comes out its mouth.

Here is our unexpected surprise. Two days old.


Age 3 weeks old.


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Filed under Non-Fiction, Writing

128 Words with Senses that Started out as Underworld Slang

This list of words is good for writers writing about the mob/mafia and want to use the correct wordage for the time period.


From Daily Writing Tips, August 10, 2017

The slang senses of many words we use in conversation and in informal writing originated in jargon employed by criminals, often coined to disguise the activities they were describing when they spoke among one another. This post lists and defines a number of those words.

action: bet, or betting, or criminal activity
aggro: aggressive behavior
angle: approach, or plan
bananas: crazy (originally, “sexually perverted”)
beat: escape, avoid
beef: quarrel
blow: leave
boob: stupid person
boost: steal
bought: bribed
break it up: stop argument or fight
broad: woman
buddy: man (as in addressing a person the speaker does not know)
bum’s rush: act of being forcibly removed
bump/bump off: kill
bunk: nonsense
buy: bribe
case: check the site of a potential robbery
chisel: cheat
clam up: stop talking, or refuse to talk, to avoid giving information
con: scheme to trick someone into relinquishing money
con man: person who steals through trickery
cop/copper: police officer or private detective
crew: group of rank-and-file criminals subordinate to a leader; by extension, a group of people with whom one associates
crumb: worthless person; originally, a noncriminal
deep-six: bury
dive: low-quality establishment, such as a dark, dingy bar
doll: attractive woman
dope: drugs, or information
dough: money
dump: see dive
Feds: federal law-enforcement personnel
fence: trade stolen items, or one who does so
finger: identify
fix: situation in which law-enforcement personnel have been bribed to overlook criminal activity
fruit: homosexual (derogatory)
fuzz: police
glom: steal (by extension, “grab”)
go straight: cease criminal activity
goofy: crazy (by extension, “silly”)
goon: low-level criminal
graft: see con
grand: thousand (dollars)
grease: see buy
grill: interrogate
grifter: see “con man”
haywire: mentally unbalanced
heat: attention from law-enforcement personnel, or a gun (by extension, “psychological pressure”)
heel: an incompetent criminal (by extension, “a villain or someone who takes on a villainous persona or role,” as in professional wrestling)
hit: planned murder (by extension, “an attack on someone’s reputation”)
hood(lum): see goon
horn: telephone
hot: stolen
hype: cheat by short-changing, or hypodermic needle
jam: trouble, or a troublesome situation
jaw: talk
joe: coffee
joint: place
junkie: drug user
keister: buttocks, or a safe
kisser: mouth
knock off: see bump/“bump off”
knock over: rob
large: see grand
lay low: remain out of sight so as to avoid attention after committing a crime
legit: pertaining to legal business activities
lit: drunk
loan shark: one who loans money at high rates of interest
looker: see doll
lug: stupid person (by extension, “clumsy person”—often used affectionately and jocularly)
mark: person targeted to be a victim of criminal activity
marker: IOU, note acknowledging a debt
mitt: hand
muscle: force, or intimidate, or someone who forces or intimidates
mug: face
nail: capture
nick: steal
nix: no, or say no to something
on the carpet: situation in which a criminal is called on the carpet, or disciplined, by a leader (by extension, pertains to any similar event)
on the lam: moving secretly to avoid arrest after committing a crime
on the spot: targeted for assassination (by extension, pertaining to being held accountable for a failure or mistake)
packing heat: armed with a gun
patsy: person framed for a crime (by extension, “fool”)
paw: hand
piece: share of the proceeds from criminal activity (see action), or a gun
pig: police officer
pinch: arrest
pop: see bump/“bump off”
punk: see goon (originally, a submissive homosexual)
put the screws on: see grill
queer: counterfeit
rap: criminal charge
rat: give information about associates’ criminal activities to law-enforcement personnel, or someone who does so
ringer: fake
rub out: see bump/“bump off”
rube: easy victim
sap: stupid person
score: succeed in obtaining stolen money or goods
scram: see blow
scratch: money
sing: see rat (verb)
skip out: leave without paying
skirt: woman
slug: punch, or knock unconscious, or a bullet
snatch: kidnap
sock: punch
spill: see rat (verb), or talk (verb)
square: honest
stiff: corpse
sting: see con (by extension, “a law-enforcement operation to prompt and observe criminal behavior”)
stir: jail
stir-crazy: mentally disturbed because of incarceration
stool pigeon/stoolie: see rat (noun)
straighten out: resolve a dispute
string along: deceive
sucker: see rube
swag: stolen goods (by extension, “gifts offered to promote through publicity”)
tag: designation (by extension, “graffiti signature”)
tail: track a criminal’s activities, or a law-enforcement official who does so
take: share of profits from criminal activity
take a powder: leave
take (someone) for a ride: see bump/“bump off”
take the fall: be targeted for blame for a crime
tighten the screws: pressure
trap: see kisser
two bits: twenty-five cents
vendetta: vow of vengeance (by extension, “a passionate, sustained effort to avenge oneself or one’s family or group”)
yap: see kisser

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Filed under Authors, Books, Crime Fiction, Genre, Murder Mystery, Mystery, Writing

September is Preparedness Month

With Hurricane Havey causing havoc in Texas and Louisiana, it is once again time to think of your own Preparedness.


Where do you start?

By breaking the plan down into parts each week, it becomes manageable and not overwhelming.

Week 1: Prepare a household inventory.

Week 2: Review your homeowner’s or renter’s insurance policy to see what is covered.  If you do not understand your policy, make an appointment to visit with your insurance agent.

Week 3: Build a “Grab-and-Go” kit.

Week 4: Create a communication plan.


To help get you started you can download a pdf of the “Survival Journal” that my husband and I use.

Print off the pages, fill them out and put them into plastic sheets and put into a 3 ring binder and put in your Survival Container or Grab-and-Go Kit.

Survival Journal

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Filed under Books, family relationship, Non-Fiction, Writing

Decluttering Time

Have you ever taken the time to de-clutter your workspace or home?  I know that I have.

Today, I am de-cluttering my external hard drive.

Perhaps, you are like me.  If not, count yourself lucky.

I have the tendency to save pdf files, jpegs, etc. that I find on the Internet, telling myself that one day I will get around to reading the information or doing something with the jpegs.  I save these because I know that I will not be able to find that one piece of information again! (I tell myself the same thing with emails.)

The result of all this saving is having files that I never get around to viewing.  So, today is my decluttering (deleting files I don’t want to keep and organizing the ones that I want to keep) time.

Here are the titles of a few files that I deleted from one file folder.  I still have several folders to go.

  • 15 Daily Actions For Making Your Feel Happier!
  • 21 Powerful Ways to Persuade People to do What You Want
  • 22 Powerful Tools to Transform Your Fear Into Happiness, Peace, and Inspiration
  • The 30 Second Secret to Blasting Your Energy Levels Through the Roof in the Morning
  • The 60-60-30 Solution
  • 70 Inspirational Quotes
  • 88 Fun Thoughts About Life
  • 101 Negativity Killer: Learn to Stay Positive & Achieve Your Goals
  • 179 Forward Steps: Life Power Tips for Everyday
  • 404 Self Improvement Tips
  • 1001 Tolerations  (a master list of things to stop tolerating)
  • How to Publish a Book
  • Abundant Thinking: Achieving the…Rich Dad Mindset
  • Amazon Bestseller Checklist: Download & Check Off Before Publishing!
  • Awareness Building


Here are a couple of jpeg files that I deleted.

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Filed under Writing

7 Ways to Build Suspense

This post was originally posted by the late John Yeoman on October 4, 2012.  His title was “Seven Simple Ways to Build Suspense.”  John’s website has been disabled.


How many ways can you hang a page? Or a scene? Or a chapter? That old ploy, the cliffhanger, has made a comeback of late in the penny dreadfuls of Dan Brown. Every episode ends upon a note of intrigue, horror or mystery to entice us to turn the page.

His counterpart in melodrama Kathy Reichs uses so many hangers – around three per scene – that she must pluck them out of a database.

Can we use page hangers without appearing to be formulaic? 

Yes! (Please turn my page. I shall reveal the secrets soon…)

Continue reading

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Filed under Authors, Books, Suspense, Writing